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Musical Instrument Building Projects

Items:

Snare drums
Bass guitar cabinet
Trapezoidal cajon

Drum Building Projects

An incomplete documentation of my Keller-shell snare drum projects.

First shell - came with bearing edges and miniscule snare beds.

Snare drum: orange dye

 Snare drum: pre spray

The first raw shell stained orange with water-based dye

Ready for spraying the fade. Yes, that's a record player

Snare drum: red spray

Snare drum: black spray

After spraying the red component of the fade with an airbrush.

After the black component of the fade.

Snare drum: oil stain

Snare drum: cherry shell

I then added a thinners-based stain to make the colours richer, and also accent the parts of the grain that resisted the water-based dye.

Disaster... while sanding a thin coat of polyurathane with wet sandpaper, I broke through to the wood. To cover up this debacle, I abandoned the dark caramel fade in favour of a black cherry fade. This is how the shell looks now, I also recut the bearing edges and snare beds.

Second run - three shells from AIT, no bearing edges.

Snare drum: orange dye again

Snare drum: fade spray partway

The orange water-based dye again

Partway through spraying the fades

Snare drum: fade spray complete

Snare drum: darker stain

The spraying part of the fades completed

After applying the woodstain. I intended to make the 6.5" snare darker, and used a different stain. However it was way too dark, so I ended up bleaching it and starting over.

Snare drum: tools

Snare drum: sanding block

Incompletely documented:
   around 12 sprayed layers of polyurathane
   uncounted hours of hand sanding
   a couple of attempts at buffing and polishing
   re-squaring the ends
   cutting bearing edges
   cutting snare beds
   drilling...

Essential tools:
   curved sanding block made from laminated cork tile/    sandpaper glued to a thick sheet of MDF
   router mounted on sheet of perspex

Assembling the first two drums

Snare drum: assembling

Snare drum: Bombasticus #1

Attaching the lugs

After all that work, a result at last!

Bombasticus #1

Snare drum: Bombasticus #1

Snare drum: Bombasticus #1

Snare drum: Bombasticus #1

Snare drum: Bombasticus #1

Keller maple shell with gloss deep caramel fade.
14" x 8"
10 brass finish Ego tube lugs
Nickel strainer
Brass finish die cast hoops
Puresound 24 snare wires (20-strand shown here)

Sound - somewhat dry with a concussive attack, supported by heaps of low-end thump. Lay into it hard and you almost get a rimshot effect.

Listen to a sound sample of Bombasticus #1
(reso finger-slap; tuned deep & muffle ring; higher & ringy)

Paladin #1

Snare drum: Paladin #1

Snare drum: Paladin #1

Snare drum: Paladin #1

Snare drum: Paladin #1

Keller maple shell with gloss deep caramel fade.
14" x 6.5"
10 Ego tube lugs
Nickel strainer
Die cast hoops
Puresound 16 snare wires

Sound - considerably less ringy than my equivalently-configured brass 6.5", but more attack, more depth.

The grain on this drum has even more character than usual, because the shell was dyed, stained, bleached, re-dyed and re-stained.

Listen to a sound sample of Paladin #1
(reso head finger-slap; high tuning no muffling)

Bombasticus #2

Snare drum: Bombasticus #2

Snare drum: Bombasticus #2

Snare drum: Bombasticus #2

Snare drum: Bombasticus #2

Keller maple shell with gloss deep caramel fade.
14" x 8"
8 Ego tube lugs
Dunnett strainer
Die cast hoops
Puresound 24 snare wires (Pearl 20-strand shown here)

Sound - dry with a sharp attack and plenty of depth. Slightly more defined than Bombasticus #1.


Listen to a sound sample of Bombasticus #2
(reso finger-slap; deep & muffled; high & ringy)

Bombasticus #3

Snare drum: Bombasticus #3

Snare drum: Bombasticus #3

Snare drum: Bombasticus #3

Snare drum: Bombasticus #3

Keller maple shell with gloss dark cherry fade.
14" x 8"
10 Worldmax traditional tube lugs
Nickel strainer
Pearl brass finish triple flanged hoops
Puresound 24 strand snare wires (16-strand shown here)

Sound - dry with a sharp attack and plenty of depth. Drier than Bombasticus #1 and #2.


Listen to a sound sample of Bombasticus #3
(reso finger-slap; deep & muffled; high & ringy)

 

Bass Cabinet Build

Documenting my 210 bass guitar cabinet build.

Design

The design I chose was the Simplexx 210 from Bill Fitzmaurice (www.billfitzmaurice.com).

Materials

Bill's design calls for 0.5" baltic birch 9-ply, which I could not readily obtain in Tasmania. I chose generic AWP brand "Marine Ply" from Mitre 10, as it was 12mm and 9-ply. Unfortunately, this is a very heavy plywood - the naked cabinet (no drivers, no grille) weighs 17.5 kg (38.5 lb).
Update: the plans (and a few posts on the Bill Fitzmaurice forum) indicate that "Arauco" (Radiata pine in Australia) is an acceptable alternative, particularly if finished with thicker Duratex. Radiata pine ply is of course found in most Australian chain hardware stores. I wish I'd known that earlier...

The polyurathane glue in the plans is not available in Australian stores, though there are local websites that offer it. Two readily available polyurathane glues in Bunnings/Mitre10 are Selleys Aquadhere Durabond and Selleys Liquid Nails Waterproof.
The Liquid Nails product has been successfully used by several Australian speaker builders, but in my ignorance I bought the Durabond. I have since learnt the hard way that this glue is far too runny for speaker building projects. To anyone who insists on using it, I have one very important tip: oven paper is your friend!!!

The build

Preparing for the first cut

Marine ply has a pretty significant "pullups" issue with my power saw. I'm not sure if baltic birch (or Arauco / Radiata pine) would have been any different.

Angle cuts for the integrated vents.

All the major panels cut.

Router template (and template follower) for the handle cutouts.

Router with template follower attached.

Handle cutout done.

Handle cutout cleaned up.

Using the same technique for the vent cutouts.

Middle vent cutout cleaned up.

Speaker cutout router jig. I made this from perspex so I could see what I was doing. The position of the "centre" hole is critical!

Speaker cutout jig attached to router. A hole is drilled at the centre, and a nail used as the centre pivot so the router behaves like a compass.

A test cut to make sure the diameter is correct.

Routing the speaker cutouts.

Speaker cutout cleaned up.

All cutouts done.

Top, base and sides ready for glueing.

Bad choice of glue - too runny! Oven paper is your friend!

Adjusting the width of the baffle using a hand sander mounted (with dowels - easily removable) to a sheet of MDF.

Baffle glued in.

Apallingly non-standard clamping technique for the middle vents.

Apallingly non-standard clamping technique for the corner vents.

Speaker screw retention blocks installed.

Proactive leak prevention using (ab)using regular woodworking glue.

Some more non-standard (non-existant) clamping for the side and vertical bracing. Those aren't jigs, they're stilts!

At last, some (slightly) more standard jigs!

Glueing the full-depth back bracing.

Glueing the half-depth back bracing.

All bracing complete.

I had some difficulty removing some of the clamping screws, so much so that a couple of them sheared right off! Fortunately, these were not in any of the edges that were to be rounded over!

Pressing the damping foam down on the bracing to form temporary indentations.

Marking those indentations with marker before they disappear.

The cutouts in the foam fit nicely.

Spraying contact adhesive on the cabinet back.

"Gravity clamping" the damping foam to the back.

Cabinet back with damping attached.

Discovering that the back panel was a bit short. Fortunately, this can be positioned at the base, where it doesn't matter.

Generous amounts of polyurathane glue when attaching the back - but this time it was deliberate, as part of a proactive leak prevention strategy.

A mixture of screw- and gravity-clamping when attaching the back.

Filling the screw holes.

Squaring and smoothing all the edges (including the short back-base edge).

Router with roundover bit and the same perspex jig used for the speaker cutouts, but this time used simply to keep the router level.

The "inset" baffle presents a problem - there is not enough lip to support the roundover bit's guide wheel. I therefore had to "pad it out" (and level everything) so that a roundover could be cut on the protruding sides, top and base.

Roundover complete - a very nice result.

After final sanding.

First coat of Duratex, applied with brush and sanded smooth.

Grille mount/standoff pieces (made using power saw and mounted belt sander).

Grille standoff installed.

Test run of Duratex texture layer on cabinet base.

Final Duratext layer applied. The result is very impressively professional. With the light at some angles you can just see some vertical roller marks (I only bought the narrow roller).

Using a car in the sun as a paint curing oven.

Perforated metal grille, bought from a local sheet metalwork factory (cut from offcuts) for $15!

Spraying metal primer.

Spraying red enamel. This stuff forms a fine red dust that gets everywhere!

Cutting aluminium bar (by hand).

The brushed aluminium look. Although I used a rotary brush, I finised it off with sandpaper for a more uniform result.

Drilling the aluminium and applying a layer of clearcoat.

The completed grille, ready for attaching (when the speakers finally arrive...)

Drilling the jack plate messed things up a bit.

A light sanding and a spray with enamel, and it looks nice again.

Using adhesive foam as an airtight gasket on the handles.

Similar gasket for the jack plate.

My choice of handle was very flimsy - I can feel them flexing and stressing when the cabinet is picked up.

Two wedges to "buttress" them against the fortuitously positioned corner vents.

Handle buttresses installed, plus some glue in the channels to firm everything up. Ugly but effective.

Some glue seeped through the mounting screw holes, but it was pretty easily cleaned up.

At long last the speaker drivers arrived. Time to see if my "predicted" hole cutouts were the right size.

The inaugural sound test, with my son in the driver's seat!

Grille and corners attached.

The recipient trying out his completed new rig.

Final Verdict

Aside from its weight, this bass cabinet performs very well, and paired with the TC Electronic BH250, makes a very nice bass rig.
My grille/standoff construction was very elaborate and fiddly, I might do things a little differently if there is a next time.
The colour scheme is a bit brighter than I'd imagined, next time I might paint the baffle red, and the grille black.

 

Trapezoidal cajon with adjustable snare

Made from Tasmanian Blackwood, Sassafras & Huon pine (some Spanish Cedar trim and Tas oak corner reinforcements, and the tapa is of course, plywood).

Case partially constructed

Varnishing

The plywood tapa cut and drilled

Snare mechanism

Rear port

Front view

From the other side

Top view

Here is a video of my first attempt at playing it:

(If your browser doesn't support/allow embedding, here is a direct link to the YouTube video.)

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All content Copyright 2007 Trevor Magnusson